What does anti-aging mean?

Anti-aging is the use of substances that slow the aging process. Most anti-aging substances are skincare products that slow the visible signs of aging by addressing the physiological processes that cause signs of aging skin.

Signs of aging skin

Signs of aging skin include:

  • Fine lines, crow’s feet and wrinkles
  • Sagging skin
  • Thinning skin
  • Dull, dry skin
  • Uneven skin tone
  • Rough skin texture
  • Blotchiness and age spots
  • Visible pores

Skin has the amazing ability to repair itself. Most skin repairs occur during sleep, when the organ makes new collagen and repairs damage. These repairs reduce age spots, wrinkling, and sagging skin. Aging skin repairs itself more slowly. In fact, wound healing may be up to 4 times slower in older adults, according to the National Library of Medicine.

Discovering your best skin starts with knowing your skin type.

When to start using anti-aging skincare products

People often start using anti-aging skincare products in their 50s, when they begin to notice the visible signs of aging. While it is never too late to begin using these products, consumers may see more benefit when they start using anti-aging products in their 20s.

Over time, the body slows down its production of certain substances. Many of the visible signs of aging appear when the body decreases its production of collagen and other substances that keep skin vibrant and youthful-looking. Collagen plays a role in strengthening the skin; this protein also helps skin stay hydrated and elastic. After the age of 20, the body produces about 1 percent less collagen each year. This loss of collagen causes skin to become thinner and more fragile – small lines and wrinkles begin to appear.

Aging is also associated with lower levels of hyaluronic acid (HA), which acts as a cushion and lubricant. HA is a humectant, which means it retains moisture. The HA in skin starts to decrease as early as 20 years of age. By the age of 50, the skin has lost about half of its hyaluronic acid stores.

The appearance of the face and neck change with age. Many of these changes are the result of loss of muscle tone that allows skin to sag and droop.

Best products for anti-aging skin

Advances in dermatology and dermatological technology have allowed for the development of several products that help reduce the visible signs of aging.

  • Light therapy

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    Light therapy uses specific wavelengths of light to help reduce the visible signs of aging. 

    Light travels in waves; some waves are longer than others. Scientists describe these wavelengths in terms of nanometers (nm). The human eye can detect wavelengths from 380 to 700 nm; wavelengths around 450 nm appear blue, wavelengths around 580 nm appear yellow, and wavelengths of light around 700 nm appear red. Wavelengths of 800 nm or higher, known as infrared light, are invisible to the naked eye. 

    Certain narrow bands of wavelengths of light  are beneficial to the skin. At 660 nm, for example, red light helps produce collagen that helps skin stay firm and hydrated. Yellow light at 590 nm reduces redness, at amber light at 630 nm calms irritated skin. Invisible infrared light at 880 nm repairs damaged skin cells. 

    RejuvaliteMD  is an at-home red light therapy device that delivers multiple wavelengths of light therapy to help reduce the visible signs of aging. In as little as 5 minutes per day a few times a week helps reduce fine lines and wrinkles by stimulating skin healing and collagen production.

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  • Advanced serums

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    Serums are light, easily absorbed water- or oil-based liquids applied directly to the skin. Quickly absorbed into the skin, serums hydrate the skin and deliver active ingredients deep into skin tissue. Some serums contain one main active ingredient, while others contain multiple ingredients. 

    The most advanced serums contain stem cells, which are special cells that can perform a wide variety of functions. Human stem cells can turn themselves into other types of human cells, for example. Stem cells from plants provide anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects that help reverse the signs of aging. 

    Anti-Aging Serum from Trophy Skin contains Argan stem cells from the Argan trees. These stem cells stimulate the skin’s own repair processes to reverse the visible signs of aging skin. The formula also contains hyaluronic acid and copper tripeptide that hydrate and plump skin to reduce wrinkles, along with antioxidant-rich algae extract, mugwort extract, and green tea extract that rejuvenate, protect, and restore skin firmness.

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  • Microdermabrasion

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    Microdermabrasion is mechanical process that gently removes the outer layer of dull, dead skin cells. The exfoliation treatment uses a diamond tipped instrument that lightly abrades the top layers of skin to bring new, radiant skin to the surface. The treatment renews skin tone and reveals fresh, healthy skin. 

    UltradermMD  is a 3-In-1 at-home premium microdermabrasion device that deeply exfoliates skin to remove dead skin cells, buffs away dull and rough patches, and tones and tightens the skin. Exfoliation helps skin absorb skincare products for optimal results.

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  • Microcurrent facial toning

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    A microcurrent facial toning device uses low-voltage electricity to stimulate facial muscles. The electrical stimulation makes the muscles contract, to act somewhat like a “workout” that helps the muscles look more defined. The electrical stimulation also triggers the development of collagen in the treatment area. The results of this virtually painless treatments are visible within minutes. 

    RejuvatoneMD  is a microcurrent facial toning system that uses gentle microcurrent technology to stimulate facial muscles, instantly improving facial tone and wrinkles on the face and neck.

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Best anti-aging skincare routine by skin type

The goal of the morning routine is to prepare the skin for the day. The products used in the morning will lock moisture in and keep harmful UV sun rays and free radicals out to reduce signs of aging.

The goal of the evening routine is to remove excess oils and dirt, to prepare the skin for optimal healing, and to hydrate the skin to reduce the visible signs of aging overnight.

Morning routine

  • Wash face with a gentle, non-foaming cleanser – harsh cleansers can worsen dry skin

  • Use red light therapy – once inside skin cells, red light stimulates the production of adenosine triphosphate, which is the energy source for all cells; red light therapy also increases collagen production, improves facial texture, and reduces fine lines and wrinkles

  • Apply hyaluronic acid serum – hyaluronic acid serum absorbs moisture from the air like a sponge into the skin

  • Use moisturizing sunscreen – using a sunscreen with SPF of 30 or higher can protect the skin from skin cancer and other effects of sun exposure; sunscreens containing hyaluronic acid or ceramides can also moisturize the skin

Evening Routine 

  • Wash face with a gentle cleanser to remove makeup, dirt, and grime

  • Use an exfoliant to slough off dead skin cells

  • Apply serum containing HA and plant stem cells to treat dry

  • Apply moisturizer to allow the skin to draw in moisture overnightred light therapy

While many people use the two terms interchangeably, dehydrated skin is different from dry skin in two significant ways:

  • Dehydrated skin lacks water, whereas dry skin lacks oils

  • Dry skin is a skin type, and dehydrated skin is a condition

Dehydrated skin requires a different skincare routine than does dry skin. The skincare routine for dehydrated skin includes:

  • Using a cream cleanser that lifts grime without stripping the skin of oils

  • Apply serum containing hyaluronic acid, such as the Pure Hyaluronic Acid Serum from Trophy Skin

  • Use moisturizer to hydrate the skin

  • Apply sunscreen to protect skin from harmful UV rays
  • Cleanse the skin; avoid products containing alcohol, which can cause the skin to increase its production of oil

  • Exfoliate the skin to scrub away dead skin cells and debris that can clog pores

  • Apply a toner or use an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula to remove residual oils and impurities leave behind, and to reduce the appearance of enlarged pores caused by excess oils

  • Apply serum to help clean and tighten pores, smooth out uneven texture, and soak up excess oil

  • Use moisturizer that is lightweight, free of oils, and water-based to keep skin hydrated

  • Apply sunscreen to protect skin

Combination skin is oily in some places and dry in others. It is common to have an oily “T-zone” on the forehead, nose and chin, and dry skin on the cheeks. A skincare routine for combination skin helps create more balance between the oily and dry parts, while reducing wrinkles, sagging skin and other signs of aging.

Morning Routine

  • Wash with a gentle cleanser that moisturizes dry skin without creating more oiliness

  • Use toner or an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula to remove oil; use an alcohol-free toner to avoid drying skin out or triggering the production of oil

  • Apply serum with hyaluronic acid, such as Light Enhancing Serum

  • Moisturize with two moisturizers; a creamy one for dry areas and a lightweight, oil-based formula for oily areas

  • Apply sunscreen to protect skin

Evening Routine

  • Remove makeup with a makeup remover or cleanser

  • Exfoliate once a week to remove dead skin cells

  • Use facial masks – apply different masks, one to the T-zone and one to the dry areas

  • Apply serum or moisturizer

  • Wash face with gel or cream cleanser for sensitive skin

  • Use a toner containing skin-soothing ingredients; avoid toners containing alcohol or astringents; use an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula

  • Apply a serum to maintain skin’s moisture levels and reduce the appearance of redness, such as the Anti-Aging Serum from Trophy Skin

  • Use gentle moisturizers containing soothing ingredients

  • Wash face to remove dirt, debris, and excess oils

  • Exfoliate skin twice a week to remove the buildup of dead skin cells

  • Apply toner to remove leftover oil or dirt, hydrate the skin, and prepare the skin for the rest of the routine, or use an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula

  • Use sunscreen to protect skin

  • Apply serum to address dark spots and discolorations of uneven skin

Sun and other environmental factors can damage skin and affect its ability to act as a moisture barrier. Signs of a damaged moisture barrier include redness, dryness and dehydration, flakiness and peeling, irritation, itchiness, increased breakouts, and stinging or burning sensation when products are applied.

Morning Routine

  • Wash face with a gentle cleanser

  • Apply collagen-boosting antioxidant serum or gel, such as the JeNu Marine Collagen Mineral Gel, to help protect the skin barrier and promoting improved collagen levels in skin

  • Use moisturizer to help replenish moisture

  • Apply sunscreen

Evening Routine

  • Cleanse the face

  • Use night serum to help speed healing of damaged skin tissue

Morning Routine

  • Cleanse with a creamy, oil-free cleanser containing benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid; avoid using abrasive exfoliant sponges to minimize traumatic inflammation of the skin

  • Apply toner to remove extra oils and impurities from the skin and to balance the pH of the skin or use an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula

  • Spot treatments that contain active ingredients, such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and sulfur to zero in on acne bumps

  • Moisturize with a non-comedogenic product, which is less likely to clog pores and lead to acne compared with other products; use a moisturizer containing sunscreen to protect skin

Evening Routine

  • Cleansing in the evening removes the acne-causing oil, dirt, and grime that accumulated on skin during the day

  • Apply toner to oily skin or use an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula

Medicate with products containing azelaic acid or retinoids, both of which clear the pores of bacteria that may cause irritation or breakout

Morning Routine

  • Cleanse with a sulfate-free cleanser to keep skin free of blemishes

  • Use an alcohol-free toner or an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula to tighten and brighten skin

  • Moisturize with a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF to hydrate and protect skin

  • Apply serum that contains stem cells and antioxidants to reduce signs of aging

Evening Routine

  • Use a cleanser to remove oil and dirt

  • Apply a toner that removes leftover dirt and oil or use an Ultrasonic Skin Spatula

  • Use serum that locks in moisture and reduces lines and wrinkles

  • Apply a moisturizer to reduce visible signs of aging

Turning back the hands of time is easier with the use of today’s anti-aging produces and skincare routine. A dermatologist or skincare professional can help consumers develop an anti-aging routine and choose products that help reduce the visible signs of aging.