Free radicals come from chemical reactions in the body and are a big contributor to the wrinkling process. A free radical is an unstable component in the body that’s naturally formed and can be used for good. They will attack viruses or bacteria that enter the body and help keep us healthy.
At the naturally forming rate, the body can handle a number of free radicals in the body and will not be hindered by their presence. When there are too many free radicals, disaster can strike. These free radicals can begin to attack cells and molecules the body needs. As they attack these cells, they damage them in the process.
Free radicals are created by a variety of means. Sunlight exposure, pollution, and even smoking can create excess amounts of free radicals in the body. When free radicals affect the skin, it will begin to age quickly. That means people will gain wrinkles at a younger age than normal.
The free radicals cause oxidation in the cells. This oxidation will further damage vital proteins like elastin and collagen, causing more wrinkles.
There are four types of wrinkles that are usually found on the face. To understand how to treat wrinkles on the forehead, it’s important to know what type you’re dealing with.
Atrophic Wrinkles and Rhytids
These wrinkles are usually very slight in appearance. These faint lines on the skin are clustered together in parallel patterns. The face is not the only area of the body that experiences these wrinkles and they are a static wrinkle. Anyone that does not use sunscreen consistently or is exposed to the sunlight too often will also see static wrinkles begin to form.
An area of the body that has these wrinkles will appear smooth if stretched out. These wrinkles occur when the skin in the area has lost elasticity.
This elasticity is what deters the wrinkles from appearing.
Permanent Elastic Creases
These wrinkles may not be as prominent when they first appear. After they are established and the skin becomes weaker, more damaged, and a person loses vital proteins, they will become deeper and more visible. The wrinkles are found at the base of the neck, cheeks, and upper lip.
A person who smokes tends to have more of these wrinkles.
Like the name suggests, these wrinkles are a result of gravity. As gravity pulls on weakened skin, then it will begin to sag. Gravitational folds are not as prominent in people who have a more hydrated face. If there is more fat storage in the face, they’re also often deterred.
It forms when thin areas of skin cannot fight against gravity. As people grow older, these wrinkles become more prominent and they are considered a static wrinkle.
Areas on the face that are more commonly thin are cheeks and skin on the brow bone.
READ HERE: Reasons You're Getting Facial Wrinkles
Dynamic Expression Lines
These wrinkles are caused by someone making repeated facial expressions and moving the face. There are multiple parts of the face that are affected by these wrinkles. The forehead, by the mouth, between the brows, and by the eye.
These wrinkles do act differently than the others on the list. They are both static and dynamic.
A static wrinkle is one that appears as the skin ages and loses proteins. They are natural and will show while a person's face is at rest.
A dynamic wrinkle will only appear when a person is moving their face in a certain way. Once the person returns to a resting point the wrinkle will become smooth. Dynamic wrinkles are common in areas where the skin is still healthy enough to spring back into shape. Once the skin becomes more damaged these dynamic wrinkles may be replaced by static wrinkles.
Botox costs vary. It depends on where the Botox will be injected and how experienced the doctor is injecting them. The main goal for anyone looking to get Botox is to find a doctor who’s very experienced. A botched Botox injection will not only look bad, but it can lead to complications. The standard cost of an injection starts at $400 and goes as high as $600.
Botox is Onabotulinum toxin A., which is the most lethal known toxin. However, it’s not lethal in small doses when administered correctly by a doctor. The injection is popular because it helps reduce deep wrinkles in the forehead.
The toxin, in small amounts, paralyzes the muscles. When a doctor injects it into a certain area, it helps stop those muscles from contracting until the injection wears off. This reduces the appearance of dynamic wrinkles, since those muscles can’t move.
The doctor will first numb the injection area. This is done with a local anesthetic, which is typically a cream. Once numb, the doctor will inject specific amounts of the Botox into key locations to stop those muscles from contracting.
After the injections, a person will see the results in a few days. It may take up to ten days to see the full effect of the treatment where the wrinkles will no longer be visible. There is a delay in this treatment because it takes time for the muscles to react to the toxin after it’s injected.
A Botox injection is good for anyone who sees many wrinkles or fine lines that are being caused by moving the face. Since Botox will stop the muscles from moving, these fine lines should disappear. This will also help deter new wrinkles or lines from appearing later as well.
The toxin will continue to work for three to six months after the injection. When it’s obvious the toxin is wearing off, another round of injections will be needed. The only good aspect of Botox wearing off in less than six months is that it’s reversible. If a person does not like their appearance with Botox injections, it will return to normal eventually.
When administered improperly, Botox can cause the brows and eyelids to droop. If there is too much Botox injected into the forehead, the muscles are not able to move at all. That means the eyebrow area will not be able to move or show emotion. In extreme cases, vision can become blurry.
With these side effects, it’s always best to choose an experienced professional who has handled Botox before. Not only does the right amount need to be administered, but the doctor must know the correct muscles to inject the toxin into. You can learn more about Botox risks here.
The cost of Dysport is less than Botox, even though they are similar treatments. The reason Dysport costs less is that the company wants to compete with Botox for patients. It will cost anywhere from $350 to $550 to get Dysport injections.
Dysport is created from botulinum toxin A and will be injected into the skin to paralyze muscles. Even though they are very similar products, some people are starting to choose Dysport over Botox. Dysport has smaller proteins that are able to react with the muscle quicker.
A Dysport is similar to getting a Botox injection. The face will be numbed and the doctor will inject the toxin into the muscles. With smaller proteins, the toxin travels further than Botox, so there are fewer injections needed to cover a wider area.
This also means that the effects of Dysport injections will be seen up to two days sooner than that of Botox. There are people that have seen longer duration times with Dysport as well.
The Dysport injection is dosed differently than Botox. The doctor needs to be aware of the differences between Botox and Dysport, since they cannot be used interchangeably. If a doctor injects Dysport like Botox, it will likely spread too far, leading to bad side effects.
Dysport injections will need to be redone every three to six months. Some people have said they’re able to go a bit longer without needing Dysport injections versus getting Botox injections. The longer duration is not proven, but has been reported by medical professionals.
With similar properties to Botox, there are similar side effects. When administered incorrectly, your face can droop, eyes can get blurry, and facial features may appear uneven. When talking with a doctor about injections for wrinkles, be sure to tell them if Dysport is preferred. Some offices do not carry the injection and others are not skilled in injecting the toxin.
There is the possibility of a doctor injecting Dysport incorrectly if they are used to injecting Botox. Since Dysport travels much further, the doctor must be acutely aware of where the injection is going.
The cost of fillers does vary depending on what the doctor is injecting and which filler is being used. Typically the range is $400 to $800, depending on how much filler is desired.
A filler could be compared to Botox or Dysport because it is still an injectable. However, fillers do not paralyze the face; instead, they fill areas that are empty. By filling in areas of the face, it will appear to be fuller and smoother. Some doctors like to combine fillers with a treatment of Botox.
There are a few different fillers to choose from. The common types of fillers are Prevelle, Belotero, Restylane, and Juvederm. The first two fillers are best to treat fine lines and the other two treat deeper wrinkles.
A common filler that is used are variations of Hyaluronic acid. This is actually a naturally occurring substance that can be found in everyone's skin. Many people choose an HA filler because it is natural, but it can still help refill areas that have begun to sag or are not as voluminous due to age.
For small wrinkles or fine lines, it’s best to go with Prevelle or Belotero. Prevelle is the thinnest treatment on the market and will last about three or four months. Many people dislike the short duration that Prevelle has, but it is great for someone who wants to try out fillers without a long-term dedication.
Belotero is thin, but it is thicker than Prevelle. This helps it last for around six months. Due to its greater longevity, many people prefer this filler. There are fewer complications because it’s easy to inject. Many patients report fewer lumps or side effects with Belotero injections.
For a longer lasting and more filling treatment, the Restylane injections are the next step. It is a thicker injection and it can last six to nine months. For an even thicker and longer lasting injection, the Juvederm does the trick. It works for nine to twelve months and many doctors prefer injecting Juvederm over Restylane.
Duration of fills highly depends on the type of filler being used. Some fillers last as little as three months up to six months, while other fillers are able to go as long as nine to twelve months.
Side effects from fillers are similar to that of Botox or Dysport. If a doctor that is unfamiliar with a filler injects it incorrectly, it’s possible for the filler to travel into the wrong portions of the face. This leads to faces appearing uneven and even lumps under the skin. In extreme cases, doctors have botched a filler injection and cause patients to go blind.
A session of dermabrasion can cost $1500 to $2000 depending on the professional that is performing the treatment. Unfortunately, some people find they need a second treatment to get the results that they want.
A dermabrasion treatment is a medical procedure where doctors take a wire brush and remove layers of the skin. It’s an extreme version of exfoliation. It usually only causes slight discomfort after the treatment is finished.
The layer of skin that’s removed is the outermost layer. This is the layer that has the most damage like wrinkles, fine lines, light acne scarring, and more. With this layer removed the body will be able to regrow a new layer of skin that is not damaged.
The treatment often starts with a doctor applying a freezing spray to the treatment area. This spray is used to make the skin firm. Firmer skin is much easier to remove. The skin is also numbed. Once fully numb, the doctor will remove a layer of skin and apply ointment and dressing to the exposed skin. Within ten days, the new layer of skin will regrow.